Can Goats Eat Arugula? Uncover the Surprising Answer

Written By Jill Taylor

There’s something wonderfully charming about goats. Their mischievous antics and diverse palate often raise questions for their owners and admirers. One question that recently pricked my curiosity was, can goats eat arugula? After some digging and learning, I can confidently tell you: Yes, they can, but as with all things, moderation is key.

Arugula, the peppery green that often graces our salads, is safe for our caprine companions. While it should not constitute the majority of their diet, it can be a delightful treat and a nutritious addition to their usual fare. But stating that wouldn’t do justice to the layers of this topic.

In this comprehensive discussion, we’ll walk through the simple answer to the arugula question and a deep dive into the world of goats and their dietary habits. We’ll explore how arugula can fit into a balanced and diverse goat diet, its nutritional value, its potential impacts, and some tips for feeding it to goats. Let’s dive into this fascinating subject!

can goats eat arugula

Understanding Goat Dietary Habits

Goats are fascinating creatures with an inherent sense of curiosity, especially regarding food.

Natural Foraging Habits of Goats

Unlike other ruminants, goats have a more explorative approach to their diet. They are naturally curious and enjoy investigating their environment, nibbling and tasting various plants. This trait is a survival adaptation to finding food in sparse or rugged terrain where other animals might not survive.

The Varied Diet of a Goat

Contrary to the popular belief that goats eat anything, they are quite selective eaters. They prefer a diet rich in variety, including grass, shrubs, leaves, and even some fruits and vegetables. This wide-ranging diet contributes to their overall health and wellbeing.

The Importance of Diverse Feed for Goats

A diverse diet is key for a goat’s health. Variety ensures they receive a well-rounded supply of nutrients. Too much of any one thing can upset their digestive balance, so keeping their feed varied is essential.


Arugula: Basic Facts and Nutritional Content

Arugula, a nutrient-dense leafy green, is known for its peppery flavour and is a popular ingredient in many human dishes.

What is Arugula?

Arugula, also known as rocket, is a leafy green vegetable that is part of the Brassica family, which also includes broccoli, kale, and Brussels sprouts.

Nutritional Value of Arugula

Arugula is a powerhouse of nutrients. It’s low in calories, high in vitamins A, C, and K, and filled with antioxidants. Additionally, it also contains calcium and potassium.

Common Uses of Arugula in Human Diets

Arugula’s distinct flavor makes it a favorite in salads, and it can also be used in cooked dishes. It’s versatile and adds a nutritional punch to any meal.

Can Goats Eat Arugula: The Simple Answer

freshly chopped arugula

As goat owners or those interested in the dietary habits of goats, a common question often arises – can goats eat arugula? Let’s delve into this topic to provide a comprehensive response.

First Impressions: Goats and Arugula

Arugula’s peppery and slightly bitter taste might initially confuse our goat friends. They’re used to their regular fare of grass, leaves, shrubs, and grains. However, the beauty of goats lies in their adventurous eating habits. They may be taken aback at first, but many goats will give arugula a shot and possibly add it to their list of acceptable treats.

Sizing it Up: The Right Amount of Arugula for Goats

While goats can safely consume arugula, moderation is the name of the game. Arugula should be an occasional treat or supplement rather than a major part of their diet. Integrating a small amount of arugula into their usual feed can help mix things up and introduce some additional nutrients into their diet.

Immediate Aftermath: Short-Term Effects of Arugula on Goats

When it comes to the immediate effects of arugula on goats, most goats won’t show any adverse reaction. Arugula is not known to have any harmful substances that could cause immediate problems for goats. However, each goat is an individual, and their reactions may vary. So, always keep a watchful eye on them, especially when introducing a new food item like arugula into their diet. Observe their behaviour, digestion, and overall health. Consult a vet or animal nutrition expert if anything seems unusual.

Long-Term Effects of Feeding Goats Arugula

goat in field

Consider the long-term effects when introducing arugula or any new food to your goat’s diet.

Impact on Goat’s General Health

Over the long term, adding arugula to your goat’s diet can contribute to their overall health due to the vegetable’s high nutritional content. It can supplement their diet with additional vitamins and minerals.

Possible Changes in Goat Milk Production

Arugula should have no significant impact on a goat’s milk production. However, drastic changes in diet can sometimes affect milk yield, so it’s essential to introduce any new food gradually.

Changes in Goat Behavior

In the long term, no noticeable changes in your goat’s behavior from eating arugula should occur. If you notice anything unusual, it might be wise to reconsider their diet.

How to Introduce Arugula into a Goat’s Diet

goat eating

Introducing arugula into a goat’s diet should be a gradual process.

Gradual Introduction of Arugula

Start by offering a small amount of arugula mixed with the regular feed. Over time, gradually increase the quantity, observing how your goat reacts.

Mixing Arugula with Other Foods

Arugula can be mixed with other vegetables, grains, or goat feed. Mixing it with familiar food will make it more acceptable to your goat.

Monitoring Goat’s Reaction to Arugula

Always observe your goat when introducing a new feed. Look for any changes in their eating habits, behaviour, or health.

Alternative Leafy Greens for Goat Feed

If your goat doesn’t take to arugula, plenty of other leafy green options exist.

Safe and Nutritious Green Options

Leafy greens like spinach, kale, and lettuce can be safe for goats and provide similar nutritional benefits as arugula. Always remember, variety is key!

Vegetables to Avoid Feeding Goats

There are also some vegetables to avoid, such as onions and anything in the nightshade family (tomatoes, potatoes, etc.), which can harm goats.

Balancing a Goat’s Diet with a Variety of Feed

The key to a healthy goat diet is balance and variety. Mixing different types of safe fruits, vegetables, and leafy greens with their regular feed can help ensure they get a wide range of nutrients.

Exploring the Vegetable Menu: What Else Can Goats Eat Apart from Arugula?

fresh broccoli stem floret

Apart from arugula, goats can enjoy a diverse menu of vegetables. It’s all about balance and variety. Let’s explore a few vegetables you might consider including in your goat’s diet.


Goats can indeed eat broccoli, and they usually love it. It contains beneficial nutrients like vitamins A and C, calcium, and iron. However, remember that moderation is key. Too much broccoli can cause bloating in goats due to the gas produced during digestion.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Broccoli? 5 Important Benefits


Much like broccoli, cauliflower is also safe for goats to consume. This vegetable is rich in vitamins and minerals, which can provide a nutritious addition to a goat’s diet. However, as with all vegetables, it should not constitute a major part of their diet and should be fed in moderation to prevent bloating.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Cauliflower? 6 Awesome Benefits


Cabbage can be a delicious and nutritious treat for goats. This leafy vegetable is high in vitamins and fiber; most goats enjoy it. However, cabbage should be fed sparingly as it can cause gas build-up and potential bloating issues if fed in large quantities.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Cabbage? 5 Amazing Benefits

Brussels Sprouts

Brussels sprouts, another member of the Brassica family, are safe for goats to eat. They offer a good mix of vitamins and minerals. However, like cabbage and broccoli, they can cause gas build-up if overfed, so moderation is critical.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Brussel Sprouts? Simple Answer & Feeding Tips


Radishes can be a crunchy treat for goats. They are safe to eat and are a good source of vitamin C. But, as radishes are a bit spicy, some goats might not be a fan of them. As always, introduce them gradually and monitor your goat’s response.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Radishes? 5 Great Health Benefits

Can goats eat arugula – final thoughts

We’ve rambled down the path of goat dietary habits, taken a detour through the peppery world of arugula, and arrived at the final destination: Goats can indeed munch on some arugula. The journey taught us that variety and moderation are the staples of any good goat diet. Just as we love a little zing in our salads, our bearded buddies might enjoy the occasional arugula leaf amidst their usual feast of grass, grains, and hay.

Let’s not forget the little nuggets we picked up along the way. Arugula is a nutrient-dense treat, but like all good things, it’s best served in moderation. Be mindful of changes in your goat’s behavior or health when introducing arugula or any new food. In the end, feeding goats is a bit of a science and a lot of art. Keep it balanced, keep it varied, and who knows? You might have the happiest, healthiest, arugula-munching goats in town!