Can Chickens Eat Potatoes? The Definitive Answer

Written By Jill Taylor

Can chickens eat potatoes? The answer is yes, but it’s important to note that there are some precautions you should take before feeding potatoes to your chickens. Potatoes can benefit chickens as they contain a good source of carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.

However, potatoes can also be dangerous to your chickens if not prepared properly. Potatoes should always be cooked before feeding to chickens, as uncooked potatoes can contain harmful toxins. Any potatoes you feed your chickens should also be free of sprouts, as these also contain toxins.

This article will discuss the benefits of feeding cooked potatoes to chickens and how to prepare them safely. It will also discuss the potential risks associated with feeding your chickens potatoes and how to prevent them.

can chickens eat potatoes

Can chickens eat potatoes?

The first thing to know about potatoes is that they belong to the nightshade family of vegetables and fruits. This means that potatoes contain a chemical called solanine, which can be toxic to chickens and other animals in large doses.

To understand why this matters when it comes to feeding chickens potatoes, we need to look at how much solanine is present in potatoes and how much of it is safe for chickens.

The good news is that cooked potatoes contain smaller amounts of solanine than raw potatoes, so small amounts are considered safe for chickens to eat as part of a balanced diet. However, there are some precautions chicken owners should take when feeding their birds potatoes.

Always avoid the green parts of the potato as they contain higher levels of solanine. Likewise, avoid giving them raw potatoes, and the skin or eyes of the potato as these can also contain higher levels of solanine.


The benefits of eating potatoes for chickens

In addition to providing your feathered friends with essential nutrients, potatoes can help keep your chickens healthy and happy. Let’s explore five of the benefits that potatoes offer chickens.

Vitamins and Minerals

Potatoes are a good source of vitamins and minerals such as potassium, iron, phosphorus, zinc, niacin, thiamine, riboflavin, magnesium, and vitamin C. These nutrients help keep chickens healthy by boosting their immune systems and helping them absorb other nutrients from their food.


Potatoes are an excellent source of dietary fiber, which helps chickens digest food more efficiently and keeps their digestive systems functioning optimally. This is especially important for chickens since they tend to eat more than other animals due to their higher metabolic rate.


Potatoes contain protein which is essential for muscle development in chickens. They also contain amino acids, which help build strong bones and muscles in your feathered friends.


The high water content in potatoes helps keep your chickens hydrated and can help prevent dehydration during hot summer months when water intake is often limited.


By adding potatoes to your chicken’s diet, you can provide them with variety, making mealtime more enjoyable and giving them something new to try every day!

Things to watch out for when feeding potatoes to chickens


Although potatoes are generally safe to feed chickens in small amounts, there are some potential hazards to watch out for. Here are three things to consider when feeding your chickens potatoes:


Potatoes that are sprouting or have begun to turn green contain higher levels of solanine and are unsafe for chickens to eat. So be sure to check potatoes for sprouts before feeding them to your birds.


The peel of the potato contains higher levels of solanine, so peel potatoes before feeding them to your chickens. The eyes of the potato also contain high levels of solanine and should be avoided. Peel them away before feeding potatoes to your birds.

Avoid raw potatoes

Raw potatoes contain higher levels of solanine which can be toxic to chickens in large doses, so always cook or bake potatoes before feeding them to your chickens.

How often should chickens eat potatoes?

Potatoes are an excellent source of carbohydrates which is necessary for energy. However, they should not be a key component of the chickens’ diet.

While it is okay to give your chickens potatoes occasionally, having them eat them every day can cause health problems due to their solanine content.

As such, potatoes should only be given as treats in moderation and not served as a main course. Also, remove any uneaten potatoes after a few hours to avoid spoiling.

How to prepare potatoes for feeding to chickens

chicken feeding

Before giving your chickens potatoes, there are several important steps you need to know to ensure your chickens stay healthy and safe. Let’s look at the best way to prepare potatoes for feeding chickens.

Wash It First

Before preparing food for your chickens, you must always wash it first. This step is especially important for potatoes because they can easily become contaminated with dirt and bacteria from the soil.

Washing the potatoes also helps remove any pesticides or other chemicals that may have been used during their growth cycle. To wash them, run them under cool water and scrub gently with a vegetable brush or cloth until all visible dirt has been removed.

Removing Peel & Sprouts

Once your potatoes are washed, it’s time to remove the peel and any eyes or sprouts that may be present on the potato. These parts contain higher levels of solanine and should never be fed to your chickens.

To remove them, use a small knife or vegetable peeler and cut away any visible eyes or sprouts before feeding your potatoes to your birds.

Cooking Is Required

You should always cook potatoes before feeding them to your chickens. This helps reduce the solanine content, making them safer to eat. However, it’s important to remember that solanine is a heat-resistant toxin, so boiling or steaming the potatoes will not fully remove it.

The easiest way to cook potatoes for chicken consumption is by boiling them until they are fork-tender, then mashing them up with a fork before serving. You can also bake or roast whole potatoes if desired, but ensure they are cooked thoroughly before removing them from the oven.

Can baby chickens eat potatoes?

baby chick

Many people often wonder if baby chicks can eat potatoes. However, this is something that you should avoid. Even though potatoes are a tasty and popular snack for humans, the solanine concentration in potatoes is too high for the small bodies of baby chicks to handle.

It is advised best to abstain from giving potatoes to baby chicks altogether as the effects on their health could be devastating even with a bite. If you’re looking for other treats and snacks to add variety to your little feathered friends’ diets, look no further than quality grains and other veggies that are more suitable for their tiny bodies.

Can chickens eat potato peels?

Although potato peels are a great source of fiber and vitamins, they should not be given to chickens as they can cause digestive issues. The high solanine content in potato peels can be toxic to chickens, so it’s best to avoid feeding them entirely.

Even if you are feeding cooked potatoes, you should always avoid giving the chickens any peel as it could still contain high levels of solanine.

Can chickens eat sweet potatoes?

Sweet potatoes can be a great addition to your chicken’s diet. However, like regular potatoes, they should only be given in moderation. Sweet potatoes are higher in sugar content than regular potatoes and can cause digestive issues if given too often.

Sweet potatoes are not a nightshade family member, so you don’t have to worry about any of the same risks associated with regular potatoes. As long as you feed them in moderation and ensure they are cooked properly, sweet potatoes can be a great healthy treat for your chickens.

What other vegetables can chickens eat?

carrots chopped and whole

While potatoes may not be the best vegetables to feed chickens, many other healthier options can give your chickens essential nutrients. Here’s a look at some of the best vegetables you can feed your chickens.


Carrots are an excellent source of vitamins A, C, K, and B6 and contain biotin, potassium, and fiber. Carrots provide a lot of essential nutrients for chickens and are an easy vegetable to feed them.

It is important to make sure you only give them small pieces because large pieces may be difficult for them to digest.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Carrots? 6 Fantastic Benefits


Pumpkins are packed full of vitamins A, C, and E, as well as beta-carotene and potassium. Pumpkins also provide a good source of dietary fiber, which helps keep your chicken’s digestive system running smoothly.

Plus, pumpkin flesh is soft enough for chickens to eat easily without breaking down the pieces.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Pumpkin? 5 Amazing Benefits


A great option for providing extra nutrition for your chickens is squash. Squash contains vitamins A and C as well as folate and potassium.

It is important to note that squash should be served cooked or mashed for it to be easily digested by your chickens.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Squash? 5 Awesome Benefits


Zucchini provides a good source of vitamins A and C and dietary fiber, magnesium, and phosphorus. Zucchini is best served cooked or mashed so that your chickens can easily digest it.

The Vitamin C content in zucchini helps support a healthy immune system, while the dietary fiber keeps their digestive systems running smoothly.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Zucchini? 6 Excellent Benefits

Sweet Potatoes

Sweet potatoes are another nutritious vegetable option for feeding your chickens. They contain tons of vitamins A and B6, calcium, magnesium, and iron – all essential nutrients for keeping your chickens healthy.

As with other vegetables, sweet potatoes should be offered cooked or mashed so that your poultry friends can easily digest them.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Sweet Potatoes? 5 Important Benefits

How to give chickens a healthy and balanced diet

Keeping your chickens healthy and happy is important. A balanced and nutritious diet can help ensure your chickens get the vitamins and minerals they need to stay strong and lay eggs regularly. Let’s look at what goes into giving your chickens a healthy diet.

The Basics of a Balanced Diet for Chickens

A balanced chicken diet should consist of various foods, including seeds, nuts, vegetables, fruits, grains, legumes, and other nutrient-rich sources. You should offer your chickens a mix of finely ground grain and chicken feed pellets or crumbles. This will ensure they get all the protein they need while providing them with essential vitamins and minerals.

Additionally, you can provide fresh fruits and vegetables such as apples, oranges, carrots, spinach leaves, kale leaves, celery stalks, and more for added nutrition. You can also allow your chickens to forage for bugs in the garden if you have one – they love to eat the grubs! Just make sure that the area is pesticide-free before letting them loose.

You should also provide access to clean drinking water at all times; it’s best if it is changed twice daily to remain fresh. Finally, you should offer calcium supplements such as oyster shells or crushed eggshells to keep their bones healthy and strong.

Can chickens eat potatoes – final thoughts

While small amounts of cooked potatoes are considered safe for chickens to eat as part of a balanced diet, there are some precautions chicken owners should take when feeding their birds this vegetable.

Always avoid giving them raw potatoes or any part with green spots on it (as these contain higher levels of solanine), and avoid giving them the skin or eyes as well, as these too can contain higher concentrations of this chemical compound.

By following these guidelines, you can ensure your chickens stay healthy and happy.

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