Can Goats Eat Kale? A Great Treat In Moderation

Can goats eat kale? While kale is safe for goats in small quantities, the answer is more complex. Kale is a healthy leafy green packed with nutrients, and goats can benefit from it.

However, kale is also high in oxalates, which can bind to calcium and other minerals in the body and cause health problems. For this reason, it’s vital to feed kale to goats in moderation and ensure they have access to other sources of calcium, such as hay or mineral supplements.

While kale is technically safe for goats to eat, there are a few things you should know before feeding it to your furry friend. This article will cover everything you need to know about feeding kale to goats, including the benefits and risks.

can goats eat kale

Can goats eat kale?

Kale is an excellent source of vitamins A, C, and K and minerals like iron and calcium. It’s also high in fiber and antioxidants. For these reasons, kale is often lauded as a superfood. So, it stands to reason that feeding kale to your goat would give them a nutritional boost, right?

One thing to consider is that kale is pretty high in oxalates. Oxalates are compounds that bind to minerals like calcium and prevent them from being absorbed by the body. Eating large amounts of kale can cause health problems in goats by preventing them from getting the nutrients they need.

So, should you avoid feeding kale to your goat altogether? Not necessarily. While kale may not be the nutritional powerhouse for goats that it is for humans, it’s still a healthy food for them to eat in moderation. Just be sure to supplement their diet with other healthy foods like hay, grass, and pellets, so they’re getting all the nutrients they need.

Is kale toxic to goats?

While it’s true that kale can be a nutritious addition to their diet, it’s important to remember that too much of a good thing can be harmful. Kale contains glucosinolates and oxalates, which can build up in a goat’s system and lead to health issues if consumed in large quantities.

However, this doesn’t mean that you should avoid feeding kale altogether. As with any new food, introduce it gradually and monitor your goat’s reaction. In moderation, kale can provide a tasty and nutritious treat for your four-legged friends.

Just be sure not to let them gorge on it, as with any food. And always have a diverse range of plants in their diet for optimal health.

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The benefits of eating kale for goats

Like most goat owners, you want to do everything possible to ensure your goat is healthy and happy. One way to do that is by giving them nutrient-rich food to help them grow and thrive. And one of the best foods you can give your goat is kale. Here are five reasons why kale is so good for goats.

A great source of vitamins and minerals

Goats need a variety of vitamins and minerals to stay healthy, and kale is loaded with them. Just a few of the nutrients in kale include vitamins A, C, and K, calcium, iron, and magnesium.

Adding kale to your goat’s diet, you’re helping them get the nutrients they need to stay strong and healthy.

Packed with antioxidants

Antioxidants protect cells from damage, and kale is full of them. Kale has more antioxidant power than almost any other food out there.

That means feeding your goat kale can help keep their cells healthy – and may even help prevent some diseases.

Can help improve digestion

Kale is high in fiber, which can help goats digest their food better and may even reduce the risk of some digestive issues.

Additionally, the antioxidants in kale can help protect against gut inflammation – another common digestive issue in goats.

Can boost immunity

The vitamins and minerals in kale play an essential role in supporting immunity, and the antioxidants in kale can also help fight off infections. So if you’re looking for a food that will help keep your goat healthy, kale is a great option.

Easy to find and relatively inexpensive

Unlike some other nutrient-rich foods, kale is widely available and relatively affordable – making it easy to give your goat the nutrition they need without breaking the bank.

Things to watch out for when feeding kale to goats

fresh curly kale

Kale is a healthy, leafy green vegetable often recommended as part of a goat’s diet. However, there are a few things you need to watch out for when feeding kale to your goats. Here are three of the most important things to keep in mind.

Too Much Glucosinolates Can Damage Red Blood Cells

Glucosinolates are compounds that are found in kale and other leafy green vegetables. They benefit goats in moderate amounts, but too much can damage red blood cells. This can lead to anemia, which can be fatal if not treated promptly. Contact your veterinarian immediately if you notice your goats acting tired or lethargic.

Watch Out For Pesticides

Pesticides can be harmful to goats if ingested in large quantities. Choose organic kale whenever possible to reduce the risk of pesticide exposure. You can also wash the kale thoroughly before feeding it to your goats.

Feed In Moderation

Kale is a nutrient-rich food, but you should feed it in moderation like anything else. Goats that eat nothing but kale can develop health problems such as bloat and scours (diarrhea). A diet that includes hay, grass, and other fresh vegetables is best for goats of all ages.

How often should goats eat kale?

When it comes to feeding kale to goats, moderation is key. This leafy green is a good source of vitamins and minerals, but it can also be high in oxalates, which can cause health problems if consumed in large quantities.

Generally, goats should eat kale only once or twice per week. If your goats are starting to eat more kale than usual, it’s best to cut back on their kale supply and offer them other healthy snacks instead.

How to prepare kale for feeding to goats

Not all goats enjoy eating kale in its raw, leafy form. If your goat is one of those fussy eaters, there are a few things you can do to make kale more palatable. Read on to learn more about the dos and don’ts of feeding kale to goats.

Keep It Plain

One of the simplest things you can do to make kale more appealing to your goat is to keep it plain. This means no added salt, spices, or dressings. Goats are notoriously picky eaters, so it’s best not to try anything too fancy or novel.

Don’t overcook It

It’s important not to overcook kale when preparing it for your goat. Kale that is overly wilted or mushy is less likely to be eaten by goats. Lightly steaming or boiling kale leaves until they are bright green and slightly soft is usually enough to make them more appealing to goats. However, if your goat still refuses to eat cooked kale, you may want to try serving it raw.

Add Some Fruit

If your goat doesn’t seem interested in eating kale, you can try adding some fruit to the mix. Goats love sweet things, so adding a handful of raisins or chopped-up apples can make kale more enticing. Just be sure not to add too much fruit, as too much sugar can lead to digestive issues in goats.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Sweet Potatoes? Simple Answer & Feeding Tips

Can baby goats eat kale?

baby goats eating

Goats are known for their love of greens, but that doesn’t mean all greens are suitable. Baby goats, in particular, have sensitive stomachs and can only tolerate a limited variety of plants. Kale is one food that you should avoid until baby goats are at least 2 months old.

Even then, they should only eat a small amount, as too much kale can cause digestive issues. Adult goats can tolerate more kale, but feeding them other leafy greens is still best. So, while baby goats can technically eat kale, it is not the best food for them and should be avoided if possible.

What other vegetables can goats eat?

Goats are very versatile when it comes to their diet and can enjoy a wide variety of vegetables. In this section, we’ll give you a comprehensive list of vegetables that goats can eat, so you can rest assured knowing that your furry friend is getting the nutrition they need.


Goats love cucumbers and will often eat the skin and the fleshy inside. Just be sure to wash the cucumber thoroughly before feeding it to your goat.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Cucumbers? 5 Important Benefits


Carrots are another excellent option for goats. They are high in beta-carotene, which is good for their eyesight, and they are also a good source of Vitamin A. Just like with cucumbers, be sure to wash the carrot thoroughly before feeding it to your goat.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Carrots? 5 Fantastic Benefits


Peas are another great vegetable for goats. They are a good source of protein and fiber and contain essential vitamins and minerals like iron and copper. Just make sure that the peas are cooked before feeding them to your goat, as raw peas can be hard for them to digest.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Peas? 5 Excellent Health Benefits


Zucchini is another squash that goats can enjoy. It is a good source of vitamins C and B6 and potassium, and manganese. Like with cucumbers and carrots, wash the zucchini thoroughly before feeding it to your goat.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Zucchini? Simple Answer & Feeding Tips

How to give goats a healthy and balanced diet

goat standing

While it’s true that goats will happily munch on just about anything, it’s essential to ensure they’re getting a balanced diet to stay healthy and happy. Now we’ll go over some basics of goat nutrition and how to create a healthy and balanced diet for your goats.


One of the most important things to remember when feeding your goats is that they require a lot of roughage in their diet. Roughage includes hay, grass, and leaves, which helps goats digest their food correctly.

A good rule of thumb is to ensure that at least 70% of your goats’ diet is made up of roughage.


Goats also need a source of protein in their diet. Protein helps them grow, maintain muscle mass, and produce milk if they’re lactating. Protein-rich foods for goats include legumes like soybeans or beans, as well as oilseeds like sunflower seeds or flaxseeds.

You can also give your goats commercial goat feed that’s high in protein. Aim for around 10-15% protein in your goats’ diet.


In addition to roughage and protein, goats also need energy from carbohydrates and fat. Energy-rich foods for goats include grains like oats or corn and root vegetables like turnips or potatoes.

As with protein, you can also give your goats commercial goat feed high in carbohydrates and fat. Carbohydrates should make up around 10-15% of your goats’ diet, while fat should be around 3-5%.

Read More: Can Goats Eat Oats? Simple Answer & Feeding Tips


Finally, it’s important to make sure your goats have access to fresh water at all times. Goats need anywhere from 2-4 gallons of water per day, depending on their size, age, activity level, and the climate they live in. Make sure to clean and refill their water trough daily, so they can always access fresh water.

Can goats eat kale – final thoughts

Goats are curious creatures and try to eat anything they can get their mouths on. So it’s only natural that you would wonder whether or not something as healthy as kale would be suitable for them to eat.

The answer is more complex though – while goats can technically eat kale, you should know a few things before adding it to their diet. With that said, moderate amounts of kale can still be part of a healthy diet for your goat – be sure to supplement their diet with other nutritious foods.

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Jill Taylor Happy Farmyard

Jill Taylor

Jill is a full-time homesteader who enjoys learning about sustainable living and practicing self-reliance. She'll most likely be found tending to her many animals including chickens, ducks, goats, and alpacas. You find out more about her on LinkedIn.