Can Chickens Eat Wheat? Expert Guide to Feeding Your Flock

If you’re anything like me, you’ve likely scratched your head over what to feed your flock. One question I hear often, and one I’ve pondered myself, is: can chickens eat wheat? Simply put, yes, chickens can eat wheat and often enjoy it quite a bit.

But don’t be fooled by the simplicity of this answer. Feeding chickens wheat, while beneficial, needs to be done right. After all, we’re not just caring for our birds; we aim to provide them with a balanced diet to ensure their health and productivity. And let me tell you; there’s nothing more rewarding than seeing your flock thriving on a diet you’ve thoughtfully put together.

In the following article, we’re going to explore this topic in-depth. We’ll dive into wheat’s nutritional composition, the chickens’ dietary needs, and how the two intersect. We’ll also discuss the benefits, potential risks, and best practices for feeding your chickens wheat.

can chickens eat wheat

Nutritional Composition of Wheat

Wheat is a staple grain used widely across the globe. But what is it exactly, and what does it offer nutritionally? Let’s break it down.

Understanding What Wheat is

Wheat is a cereal grain from the wheat plant, an incredibly versatile species that boasts many different varieties. It’s primarily used in bread and pasta, but it’s also found its way into the diets of many animals, including chickens.

Wheat’s Nutritional Profile

Wheat is a powerhouse of nutrients. It’s packed with carbohydrates, the primary energy source for humans and chickens. Wheat also provides a considerable amount of protein, dietary fiber, and essential minerals like iron, magnesium, and selenium.

Varieties of Wheat and their Nutritional Differences

There are numerous wheat varieties, each with their unique nutritional profiles. Some types, like whole wheat, contain the entire grain – the bran, germ, and endosperm. These are nutritionally superior to refined grains, which have had the bran and germ removed.

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Chicken’s Nutritional Needs

Understanding a chicken’s dietary needs is paramount to ensuring its health and productivity. Let’s dive into what makes a balanced diet for our feathered friends.

Basic Nutritional Requirements of Chickens

Chickens, like all animals, need a balanced diet. Protein is critical for their growth and egg production, while carbohydrates provide energy. Chickens also require minerals for bone formation and vitamins for overall health.

The Role of Grains in the Chicken Diet

Grains play an essential role in a chicken’s diet. They’re a natural source of the carbs chickens need for energy and are also packed with fiber, helping maintain their digestive health.

The Importance of Balanced Nutrition for Chickens

While grains are critical, a chicken’s diet should be balanced. Over-reliance on one food source can lead to nutritional deficiencies or excesses, harming chicken health and productivity.

Can Chickens Eat Wheat: Yes or No?

whole wheat growing

Now, let’s answer the question you’ve all been waiting for – can chickens eat wheat? The answer is a resounding yes.

Unveiling the Answer

Chickens are more than capable of consuming wheat. It’s a common ingredient in many commercial chicken feeds.

Chickens and Their Ability to Digest Wheat

Chickens have a robust digestive system to break down various grains, including wheat. They have a specialized organ called the gizzard, which grinds up food, aiding in the digestion of tough grains.

Health Impact of Wheat on a Chicken’s Diet

Wheat can be a beneficial addition to chicken feed when part of a balanced diet. It provides the carbohydrates chickens need for energy and fiber for optimal digestion.

The Benefits of Feeding Chickens Wheat

wheat growing

When used correctly, wheat offers numerous benefits to your chickens.

Nutritional Benefits: Fiber, Protein, and More

We’ve already touched on the nutritional benefits of wheat, but it’s worth emphasizing. Wheat is a potent source of fiber and protein, both vital for chicken health.

Digestive Benefits: Enhancing Gut Health

The fiber found in wheat is excellent for chickens’ digestive health. It helps to keep things moving, reducing the risk of digestive issues.

Economic Benefits: Cost-effectiveness of Wheat as Chicken Feed

Wheat is generally less expensive than other feeds, making it a cost-effective choice. Additionally, if you’re a home grower, consider growing your own!

Potential Risks and Considerations when Feeding Chickens Wheat

chicken staring

While wheat can be a fantastic addition to your chickens’ diet, there are potential risks and considerations to be aware of.

The Risk of Overfeeding Wheat

As with any food, moderation is crucial. Overfeeding wheat can lead to nutritional imbalances, potentially causing health problems for your chickens.

The Importance of Feed Diversity

Remember, diversity is the spice of life – and diet! Wheat should be only one part of your chickens’ diet. Ensure they also get plenty of vegetables, fruits, and other grains.

Balancing Wheat with Other Nutritional Sources

To avoid nutritional deficiencies or excesses, balance wheat with other protein, vitamin, and mineral sources. A well-rounded diet will ensure your chickens stay healthy and productive.

Best Practices for Feeding Chickens Wheat

baby chick in grass

So, how do you add wheat to your chickens’ diet?

How Much Wheat Should Chickens Eat?

While there are no hard and fast rules, it’s generally recommended that wheat should not make up more than 50% of your chickens’ diet.

Ideal Age to Introduce Wheat in Chickens’ Diet

Chickens can start consuming wheat once they’re out of the chick phase and have entered the “grower” stage, typically around six weeks of age.

Tips for Incorporating Wheat in Chicken Feed

Mix small amounts of wheat into their usual feed, gradually increasing the quantity over time. You can also offer sprouted wheat, a nutrient-rich option that chickens love.

What Other Plants Can Chickens Eat Apart from Wheat?

clover leaves green

In addition to wheat, there are numerous other plants that chickens can safely consume and contribute to a balanced and healthy diet. Let’s explore five of these plants and understand why they benefit your flock.


Yes, chickens can eat grass, and they love it. Grass, especially young shoots, is packed with vitamins and minerals. It also contains a good amount of fiber, promoting healthy digestion. However, remember that grass should only form part of a balanced diet, not the whole.

Read More: Do Chickens Eat Grass? Uncovering The Truth About Their Diet


Clover is another plant that is safe and beneficial for chickens. Chickens enjoy its sweet taste and can benefit from its high protein content. Clover is also packed with essential nutrients like calcium and vitamins. It’s great for free-ranging chickens but can also be added to their coop if they’re not free-ranging.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Clover? 6 Fantastic Benefits


Alfalfa sprouts are a fantastic food for chickens. They’re high in protein and packed with nutrients like calcium, essential for eggshell production. The sprouts can be mixed into their feed, or the plants can be grown for chickens to peck at directly.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Alfalfa? 6 Important Benefits


While hay isn’t typically the first choice for chicken feed, it can provide some nutritional benefits when other food sources are scarce. Hay is a good source of fiber, but its nutritional content can vary greatly, so it’s best to use it as a supplement to a more nutritionally complete feed.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Hay? The Surprising Truth Revealed

Timothy Hay

Timothy hay is a specific variety of hay that chickens tend to enjoy. It’s lower in protein than alfalfa but still offers dietary fiber and can contribute to a balanced diet when used correctly. It’s also a good option for bedding in the chicken coop, as it can be eaten and provides warmth and comfort.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Timothy Hay? Your Complete Feeding Guide

Can chickens eat wheat – final thoughts

So, to sum up our feathered-themed deep dive, we’ve established that wheat is not just for bread and pasta – it’s a chicken’s delight as well. Packed with nutrients and easily digestible, wheat fits into a chicken’s diet like a bird in a nest. But remember, moderation is key. Just as we shouldn’t feast on cake all day, chickens shouldn’t gorge solely on wheat.

In the coop of life, balance and variety keep our hens happy and healthy. So, while our wheaty wonder is a hit with the flock, remember to mix things up with other grains, veggies, and proteins. By keeping their meals diverse and balanced, you’ll ensure that your chickens are clucking contentedly and laying the best eggs on the block.

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Jill Taylor Happy Farmyard

Jill Taylor

Jill is a full-time homesteader who enjoys learning about sustainable living and practicing self-reliance. She'll most likely be found tending to her many animals including chickens, ducks, goats, and alpacas. You can find out more about her on LinkedIn.