Can Chickens Eat Walnuts? Nutritional Benefits & Risks Explained

Written By Jill Taylor

Are you curious if your backyard chickens can enjoy walnuts? The answer is yes, chickens can eat walnuts, and these nuts offer them valuable nutritional benefits.

In this article, we’ll examine the pros and cons of feeding walnuts to chickens, including their nutritional content and potential risks. We’ll also provide guidelines on proper preparation and serving size to ensure your chickens receive the most benefits from these tasty treats.

As a responsible chicken keeper, providing a balanced, nutritious diet for your birds is crucial. Walnuts, when fed appropriately, can be a delicious and healthful addition to your chickens’ meals. Let’s explore how to incorporate walnuts into your chickens’ diet safely and effectively.

can chickens eat walnuts

Nutritional Benefits of Walnuts for Chickens

Alright, let’s talk about chickens and walnuts! If you’ve ever wondered whether your chickens can snack on walnuts, the answer is yes, they can. Walnuts can offer some excellent nutritional benefits for your feathered friends.

Protein content

One of the standout benefits of walnuts is their protein content. Chickens need protein to maintain their overall health and produce high-quality eggs. Walnuts can help supplement the protein your chickens get from their regular feed.

Essential fatty acids

Walnuts are also a good source of essential fatty acids, which are important for a chicken’s immune system, feather development, and overall health. Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in walnuts can help keep your chickens in top shape.

Vitamins and minerals

Walnuts contain various vitamins and minerals that can contribute to your chicken’s well-being. These include vitamin E, an antioxidant that helps protect cells from damage, and minerals like manganese, magnesium, and phosphorus, which are crucial for bone health and other bodily functions.


Finally, walnuts are high in fiber, aiding digestion and promoting a healthy gut in your chickens.


Potential Risks of Feeding Walnuts to Chickens

Despite their nutritional benefits, there are some potential risks when it comes to feeding walnuts to chickens. Here’s what you need to keep in mind.

High fat content

The high fat content in walnuts can be a double-edged sword. While it provides essential fatty acids, too much fat in a chicken’s diet can lead to obesity and related health issues. It’s essential to balance your chicken’s overall diet and not rely too heavily on walnuts as a primary food source.

Choking hazard due to walnut size

Whole walnuts can pose a choking hazard to chickens, especially smaller breeds. Break the walnuts into smaller pieces before feeding them to your birds.

Mold and mycotoxin contamination

Walnuts can sometimes be contaminated with mold or mycotoxins, which can harm chickens. Inspect the walnuts before feeding them to your birds, and discard any that appear moldy or spoiled.

Allergic reactions

While uncommon, some chickens may be allergic to walnuts. Keep an eye on your chickens after feeding them walnuts for the first time, and look for any signs of an allergic reaction, such as difficulty breathing, swelling, or excessive scratching.

Preparing Walnuts for Chickens


Now that we’ve covered the benefits and risks let’s talk about how to prepare walnuts for your chickens.

Proper storage and inspection

First and foremost, store your walnuts in a cool, dry place to prevent mold growth. Before feeding them to your chickens, inspect the walnuts and discard any with signs of mold, spoilage, or damage.

Shelling and breaking into smaller pieces

As mentioned earlier, whole walnuts can be a choking hazard for chickens. Removing the shells and breaking the walnuts into smaller pieces before feeding them to your birds is essential. Smaller pieces are safer and easier for your chickens to digest.

Roasting or soaking for easier digestion

You can also improve the digestibility of walnuts by roasting or soaking them. Roasting the walnuts can help break down some of the proteins and fats, making them easier for your chickens to digest. Alternatively, soaking walnuts in water for a few hours can help soften them and make them more palatable for your chickens.

Mixing with other feed

Mix the walnuts with their regular feed or other healthy treats to ensure your chickens get a balanced diet. This will help control the fat intake and provide a variety of nutrients to keep your chickens in optimal health.

Ideal Serving Size and Frequency

flock of chickens

It’s crucial to determine the right serving size and frequency when feeding walnuts to your chickens. Here are some guidelines to help you out.

Determining the right amount

Generally, treats and supplements should make up at most 10% of a chicken’s diet. When it comes to walnuts, a small handful per chicken per week is a good starting point. Remember that larger breeds may require more, while smaller breeds may need less.

Considering the overall diet

Take your chicken’s overall diet into account when feeding them walnuts. If they’re already getting a balanced diet from their regular feed, you don’t want to overdo it with the walnuts. Remember, moderation is key.

Monitoring for health issues

Keep an eye on your chickens’ health after introducing walnuts into their diet. You may need to adjust the serving size or frequency if you notice any negative effects, such as weight gain or digestive issues.

Adjusting based on the chicken’s size and age

The ideal serving size and frequency can vary depending on your chicken’s size, age, and nutritional needs. Adjust the number of walnuts you feed your chickens accordingly, and feel free to consult with a veterinarian if you need clarification on your chicken’s specific needs.

Alternatives to Walnuts for Chicken Nutrition

bananas peeled and chopped

If you’re looking for other options to supplement your chicken’s diet, plenty of alternatives to walnuts can provide similar nutritional benefits.

Other nuts and seeds

Almonds, pecans, and sunflower seeds are all excellent sources of protein, healthy fats, and essential nutrients for your chickens. However, always break them into smaller pieces and monitor the serving size to avoid overfeeding.

Grains and legumes

Whole grains like oats, barley, quinoa, and legumes like peas and lentils can provide your chickens with a good balance of protein, fiber, and essential nutrients.

Fruits and vegetables

Chickens can also benefit from a variety of fruits and vegetables in their diet. Some favorites include leafy greens, berries, and squash. These provide essential vitamins, minerals, and a good fiber dose.

Commercial chicken feed

Of course, high-quality commercial chicken feed should be the foundation of your chicken’s diet. These feeds are formulated to provide a balanced mix of nutrients, ensuring your chickens get everything they need for optimal health.

Observing Chickens’ Reaction to Walnuts

chicken rooster

Finally, observing your chickens’ reactions to walnuts and adjusting their diet is essential.

Monitoring for changes in behavior

Keep an eye on your chickens after introducing walnuts into their diet. If you notice any changes in their behavior, such as lethargy or a decrease in socialization, it may be necessary to adjust their diet.

Assessing egg production and quality

Monitor your chickens’ egg production and quality after introducing walnuts. If you notice a decline in egg production or a change in egg quality, consider adjusting the serving size or frequency of walnuts in their diet.

Evaluating physical health and appearance

Pay attention to your chickens’ physical health and appearance. If you notice any issues, such as weight gain, feather loss, or other health problems, it’s essential to reassess their diet and consult with a veterinarian if necessary.

Adjusting diet accordingly

Make any necessary adjustments to your chickens’ diet based on your observations. This may include reducing the amount of walnuts they consume, changing the frequency, or exploring alternative treats and supplements to maintain a balanced and healthy diet for your chickens.

Treat Your Chickens Will Love: Walnut Shell Bedding

Apart from the nutritional benefits that walnuts offer, there’s another way these nuts can contribute to your chickens’ well-being: walnut shell bedding. Crushed walnut shells can make an excellent bedding material for your chicken coop, and here’s why:

  • Absorbency: Walnut shell bedding is highly absorbent, which helps keep your chicken coop clean and dry. This is important for maintaining a healthy environment for your birds, as excess moisture can lead to mold growth and respiratory issues.
  • Odor Control: Due to its absorbent nature, walnut shell bedding can also help control odor by absorbing ammonia from chicken droppings. A fresh-smelling coop is pleasant for you and essential for your chickens’ respiratory health.
  • Natural Pest Repellent: Crushed walnut shells have a slightly abrasive texture, which can deter pests like mites and lice from taking up residence in your chicken coop.
  • Eco-friendly: Walnut shell bedding is a byproduct of the walnut processing industry, making it an eco-friendly and sustainable option for your chicken coop.
  • Easy Cleanup: Walnut shell bedding is easy to clean and can be composted, providing a hassle-free solution for maintaining a clean and healthy chicken coop.

To use walnut shell bedding, spread a 2-3 inch layer of crushed shells on the floor of your chicken coop, and replace it as needed. For added comfort and insulation, you can also mix the shells with other bedding materials like straw or wood shavings.

So, not only can walnuts contribute to your chickens’ diet, but they can also help create a cozy and healthy living environment for your feathered friends. Embrace the versatility of walnuts and make the most of this nutritious and multifunctional nut in your chicken-keeping journey!

What Other Nuts Can Chickens Eat Apart from Walnuts?

shelled peanuts

Walnuts aren’t the only nuts that can provide nutritional benefits for your chickens. Several other nuts can be a great addition to your chickens’ diet, offering various nutrients and flavors. Remember that moderation is key, as nuts are high in fat. Let’s look at five other nuts your chickens can enjoy.


Peanuts are a fantastic source of protein, healthy fats, and essential nutrients like vitamin E, magnesium, and potassium. Chickens love the taste of peanuts, and they can be a high-energy treat, especially during colder months. Use unsalted peanuts and break them into smaller pieces to prevent choking hazards.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Peanuts? Nutritional Benefits & Feeding Guidelines

Peanut Butter

While it might come as a surprise, chickens can enjoy peanut butter in moderation. It’s rich in protein and healthy fats, making it a nutritious treat. However, always opt for natural, unsweetened peanut butter without added salt or sugar. You can spread a thin layer of peanut butter on a piece of cardboard or a pinecone for your chickens to peck at.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Peanut Butter? The Nutty Truth Revealed


Almonds are another excellent option for your chickens. They’re high in protein, healthy fats, and essential nutrients like vitamin E, magnesium, and manganese. As with other nuts, break the almonds into smaller pieces before feeding them to your chickens. Also, avoid using salted or flavored almonds.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Almonds? Uncovering The Truth


Pecans can be a tasty treat for your chickens and offer a good source of protein, healthy fats, and essential nutrients such as manganese, magnesium, and phosphorus. Like other nuts, ensure that the pecans are broken into smaller pieces and free of salt or flavorings before offering them to your chickens.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Pecans? A Guide For A Healthy Flock


Pistachios are a delicious snack for humans and a healthy treat for your chickens. They contain protein, healthy fats, and essential nutrients like potassium, magnesium, and vitamin B6. Remove the shells and break the pistachios into smaller pieces before feeding them to your chickens. As always, avoid salted or flavored pistachios.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Pistachios? A Surprising Snack Guide

Can chickens eat walnuts – final thoughts

In summary, walnuts can be a delightful and nutritious treat for your chickens, providing them with protein, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. By taking proper precautions like inspecting for mold, breaking the nuts into smaller pieces, and monitoring the serving size, you can ensure your chickens enjoy the benefits of walnuts without any negative consequences.

So, let your chickens indulge in some tasty walnuts now and then. It’s all about finding the right balance and monitoring their overall health. With a well-rounded and varied diet, your chickens will thrive, and you’ll continue to enjoy their company and those delicious farm-fresh eggs!

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