Can Chickens Eat Chickpeas? Benefits & Tips for a Healthy Flock

Written By Jill Taylor

As a proud chicken owner, I always seek new and exciting ways to supplement my flock’s diet with nutritious and delicious treats. Recently, I came across the question: can chickens eat chickpeas? I was intrigued, as chickpeas are a staple in my diet, packed with protein, vitamins, and minerals that could benefit my flock. So, I embarked on a mission to uncover the truth about chickpeas and chickens and decided to share my findings with all of you in this comprehensive guide.

In our quest to provide the best possible care for our feathered friends, we strive to ensure they have a well-rounded and diverse diet that meets all their nutritional needs. Like many other foods, chickpeas can be a valuable addition to your chicken’s diet when prepared and served correctly. This article will dive into the benefits, potential hazards, and best practices for incorporating chickpeas into your flock’s meals.

Throughout this article, we’ll explore the nutritional benefits of chickpeas for your flock, discuss potential hazards, and provide you with practical tips on preparing and serving chickpeas to your chickens. We aim to help you make informed decisions about incorporating chickpeas into your chicken’s diet while maintaining a balanced and varied feeding plan. So, without further ado, let’s dive into the chickpea-chicken connection!

can chickens eat chickpeas

Nutritional Benefits of Chickpeas

Chickpeas, or garbanzo beans, are highly nutritious legumes that have been a staple in human diets for centuries. They’re packed with protein, vitamins, minerals, and fiber, making them a valuable addition to a chicken’s diet. Let’s take a closer look at the nutritional benefits of chickpeas for your flock.

Protein content and importance for chickens

Protein is a vital nutrient for chickens, as it is crucial in their growth, feather development, and egg production. Chickpeas are a fantastic source of plant-based protein, containing around 19 grams per 100 grams of cooked chickpeas. Incorporating chickpeas into your chicken’s diet can help support their overall health and productivity.

Vitamins and minerals found in chickpeas

Chickpeas are rich in essential vitamins and minerals, such as iron, magnesium, potassium, and folate. These nutrients contribute to various aspects of a chicken’s well-being, including immune system function, bone health, and blood cell formation.

Fiber and its role in digestion

Fiber is an important component of a chicken’s diet, as it aids digestion and promotes a healthy gut. Chickpeas contain a good amount of dietary fiber, which can help keep your chickens’ digestive systems running smoothly.


Potential Risks of Chickpeas for Chickens

While chickpeas offer several nutritional benefits for chickens, there are also potential risks associated with feeding them to your flock. Awareness of these risks can help you make informed decisions about incorporating chickpeas into your chicken’s diet.

Raw chickpeas and the presence of anti-nutrients

Feeding raw chickpeas to your chickens might not be the best idea. Uncooked chickpeas contain anti-nutrients such as protease inhibitors and phytic acid, which can interfere with the absorption of essential nutrients in the digestive tract. Protease inhibitors can reduce protein availability, while phytic acid can impair the absorption of minerals like calcium, iron, and zinc.

Choking hazards associated with whole chickpeas

Whole chickpeas can pose a choking hazard for chickens, especially if fed in large quantities. Chickens don’t have teeth and rely on their gizzards to grind food, but whole chickpeas can be too large and hard to break down safely.

Overconsumption and potential health issues

As with any treat or supplemental food, moderation is key when feeding chickpeas to your chickens. Overconsumption of chickpeas can lead to nutritional imbalances and potential health issues, such as obesity or decreased egg production.

Preparing Chickpeas for Chickens: Dos and Don’ts

fresh chickpeas

Now that we’ve explored the benefits and risks of chickpeas for chickens let’s discuss the best ways to prepare and serve them to your flock.

Cooking methods to neutralize anti-nutrients

Before feeding chickpeas to your chickens, it’s essential to cook them properly to neutralize the anti-nutrients we mentioned earlier. Here are a couple of cooking methods that can help:

  • Boiling: Boiling chickpeas until they’re soft and tender is a simple and effective way to break down anti-nutrients. Once cooked, allow them to cool before feeding them to your chickens.
  • Soaking and sprouting: Soaking chickpeas in water for at least 12 hours and then allowing them to sprout for a few days can also reduce protease inhibitors and phytic acid levels. Sprouted chickpeas can be a nutritious and easily digestible treat for your chickens.

Proper portion sizes and frequency

When feeding chickpeas to your chickens, it’s crucial to maintain moderation. Chickpeas should be considered a treat or supplement to their regular diet rather than a primary food source. Aim to provide chickpeas no more than once or twice a week and in small quantities to avoid overconsumption.

Tips for serving chickpeas to chickens

To make chickpeas a safe and enjoyable treat for your flock, consider the following tips:

  • Mash or crush cooked chickpeas to reduce choking hazards and make them easier to digest.
  • Mix chickpeas with other healthy treats, such as vegetables or fruits, to provide a varied and balanced diet.
  • Avoid adding salt or seasoning to chickpeas, as these can harm chickens.

Alternative Protein Sources for Chickens

japanese beetle

If you’re looking for additional protein sources for your chickens, consider these alternatives:

  • Insects and bugs: Chickens love insects and bugs, which are rich in protein and can help support their growth and egg production.
  • Commercial chicken feed: High-quality commercial chicken feed contains a balanced mix of nutrients, including protein, to meet your flock’s dietary needs.
  • Legumes and seeds: Other legumes, such as lentils and peas, and seeds like sunflower or pumpkin seeds, can be a good source of protein for your chickens. Make sure to cook or sprout them properly before feeding.
  • Kitchen scraps and leftovers: Many kitchen scraps, including cooked meats, fish, and eggs, can provide a protein boost for your chickens. Be sure to avoid feeding them anything salty, spicy, or moldy.

Chickpea-Based Treats and Snacks for Chickens

In addition to feeding your chickens cooked or sprouted whole chickpeas, you can also consider incorporating chickpea-based treats and snacks into their diet. These can add some variety to their meals while still offering the nutritional benefits of chickpeas.

Chickpea flour

Chickpea flour, also known as gram flour or besan, is a gluten-free flour made from ground chickpeas. You can use chickpea flour to create healthy, homemade treats for your chickens, such as chickpea flour cookies or crackers. Just be sure to avoid using added sugar, salt, or unhealthy ingredients in your recipes, as these can harm your flock.

Roasted chickpeas

Roasted chickpeas can be a delicious and crunchy snack for your chickens. To prepare them, cook chickpeas as you normally would (boiling or sprouting), then dry them thoroughly and roast them in the oven at a low temperature. Before roasting, you can toss the chickpeas with a small amount of olive or coconut oil, but avoid using any salt or seasonings.

Chickpea-based treats

You can also consider purchasing commercially available chickpea-based treats designed specifically for chickens. These treats often come in pecking blocks or pellets and can give your chickens a fun and engaging way to enjoy chickpeas. Choose a reputable brand that uses high-quality ingredients and adheres to strict manufacturing standards.

Including chickpea-based treats and snacks in your chickens’ diet can offer an enjoyable way for them to reap the nutritional benefits of chickpeas. Just remember to serve these treats in moderation and as part of a balanced and varied diet.

What Other Foods Can Chickens Eat?

fresh green beans

While chickpeas can be a healthy treat for your chickens, providing them with a diverse and well-rounded diet is essential to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients. This section will explore five additional food items that can benefit your chickens: beans, rice, oats, quinoa, and lentils. Each of these foods offers unique nutritional benefits that can support the overall health of your flock.


Beans, like chickpeas, are a fantastic source of plant-based protein for your chickens. However, it’s crucial to cook beans thoroughly before feeding them to your flock, as raw beans contain a harmful compound called lectin that can cause digestive issues. 

Once cooked, beans become a nutritious and easily digestible source of protein, fiber, and essential vitamins and minerals.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Beans? A Guide To Feeding Chickens Legumes


Cooked rice can be a great treat for chickens. It’s a good source of carbohydrates, which provide energy to help fuel your flock’s daily activities. Brown rice is especially beneficial, as it contains higher amounts of fiber, vitamins, and minerals compared to white rice. 

Just make sure to cook the rice until it’s soft, and avoid feeding your chickens uncooked rice, as it can expand in their digestive system and cause discomfort.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Rice? The Truth About This Common Grain


Oats are another excellent food option for your chickens. They’re rich in fiber, which aids digestion, and packed with essential nutrients like manganese, phosphorus, and magnesium. 

Feeding your chickens oats can also help improve their feather condition and boost their immune system. Ensure to provide your flock with rolled or crushed oats, as these are easier to digest and enjoy.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Oats? A Guide To Feeding Oats To Your Flock


Quinoa is a highly nutritious pseudo-cereal that can provide your chickens with many health benefits. It’s high in protein, fiber, and essential vitamins and minerals, including B vitamins, magnesium, and iron. 

Cooked quinoa can be an excellent treat for your flock; however, it’s essential to rinse it thoroughly before cooking to remove any saponin residue, which can be harmful to chickens.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Quinoa? The Superfood Boost Your Chickens Need


Lentils, like other legumes, are a great source of plant-based protein for your chickens. They also contain a good amount of fiber and essential minerals like iron, potassium, and folate. 

Before feeding lentils to your chickens, cook them properly to reduce the levels of anti-nutrients and ensure they are easily digestible. Cooked lentils can be a nutritious and tasty treat that your chickens will love.

Read More: Can Chickens Eat Lentils? 5 Awesome Benefits

By incorporating these wholesome food items into your chicken’s diet, you’ll provide them with a varied and balanced mix of nutrients to support their overall health and well-being. Remember to serve these foods in moderation and prioritize their primary diet of high-quality commercial chicken feed.

Can chickens eat chickpeas – final thoughts

Well, there you have it, folks! Our chickpea-chicken adventure has ended, and we’ve discovered that chickens can indeed eat chickpeas! But, as with all good things, moderation and proper preparation are key. 

Boiling or sprouting chickpeas can help neutralize those pesky anti-nutrients while mashing or crushing them ensures that your feathered friends can enjoy their chickpea treats without any choking hazards. Just remember, chickpeas should be an occasional treat or supplement to your chickens’ diet, not the main course.

We hope this guide has given you some valuable insights into the world of chickens and chickpeas. As chicken keepers, it’s our responsibility to provide our flocks with the best possible care, including feeding them a well-balanced, varied, and nutritious diet. So, go ahead and let your chickens indulge in some chickpea goodness from time to time, and watch them cluck with delight! 

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